Cold war strategy was created in 2004 where this quick offensive theory was discussed.
It is again revised in 2009 when this two front war is being discussed extensively along with other factors as mentioned. This could be said the next level of cold start.
Hope I made myself clear.
I would love to see where it is proposed that India is plaiing to knock down two nations. Also I am no military expert so kindly correct me if I am wrong somewhere.
Not sure if posted already.
PIB Press Release
Chiefs of Staff Committee releases joint operational doctrines
Indian Armed Forces, in a major step towards enhancing Joint Fighting Capabilities, promulgated three joint operational doctrines, namely Joint Doctrine for Sub Conventional Operations, Joint Doctrine for Electronic Warfare and Joint doctrine for Maritime Air Operations. The Doctrines were released by General Deepak Kapoor, Chief of the Army Staff (COAS), who is also presently the Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee at a simple function here today.
The Joint Doctrines collectively aver that it may be more appropriate to call the battlefield of future as battle space, since wars would be fought not only in air, on land and sea but also in cyberspace, on electronic fronts, along information highways and media fronts. Success in such a battle space depends on joint teamwork by maritime, ground and air forces operating effectively, individually and together in support of shared military objectives.
Considering the prevailing security environment in the country and its neighbourhood, it is mandatory to ensure that thrust of all agencies involved in combating terrorism is focussed towards the common enemy and the synergised endeavour produces best results. Taking the lead from the Operational imperatives, these doctrines would fundamentally shape the way Armed Forces plan, think and train for military operations Indian Armed Forces are one of the few militaries in the world which have joint operational Doctrines for optimising their capabilities.
The doctrines have been formulated by the Doctrine Directorate of Headquarters Integrated Defence Staff to create the requisite synergy between the three services, thereby contributing to their overall operational efficiency.
COLD WAR HAS ALREADY BEEN STARTED .................... LOOK ,,, WHAT GAME INDIA IS PLAYING THROUGH AFGHANISTAN IN BALOCHISTAN AND FATA....... SO NOTHING IS FAR.....
Indian army is in worst condition with respect to Navy and air force. Navy and AF getting 21st century weapons one after another and the army is a sitting duck. Navy and Air force have or going to have weapons that China have no answer but Army lack any!
Cold start is just a doctrine now untill army is not prepared.
The second issue would be the airspace -- India needs to defend the air and sea. (Hence all the recent spending on navy, airforce and coast guard) If not then more people can infiltrate border by boat -- or be air dropped, or even have bombing planes devastate cities.
Third is keeping in step with rivals. Pakistan is spending a lot on missile tech. China is extending influence via sea. Those two areas need to be addressed.
Fourth is evening up defficient areas -- again the Airforce is worse off than the Army.
The Army will get upgrades to armored personnel carriers, tanks, cargo planes, helicopters, light mobile units and infantry training and communications.
It's hard to get everything at once; hence, the need for some level of priority. India has a massive standing army -- so in theory, it is better able to fend off attacks due to size. After the other branches of the military are taken care of, then the Army will again be pushed to the front and become equally (or more) modernized compared to the navy, airforce, coast guard, etc.
The tank issue is one problem, but I think with India's doctrines, it's more important to have missile defense and long range, heavy, artillery. (Just my opinion)
I think the whole offensive of Indian Military would be more than just "Cold Start Doctrine", would include Major Invasions including rehabilitation of defeated country's citizens, so that to gain trust of people belonging to invaded lands and concurrently move forward with military offensive!
Army Revs up ?Cold Start? | Indian Defence Review
Mighty Athens had set out to quash the puny but independent-minded island of Melos during the Peloponnesian War. Overcome by the urge of self-preservation, the Melians begged to the canons of fair play and honour. The Athenians sneered, “The strong do as they will and the weak suffer as they must.” And suffer they did — all alone.
The Pune German Bakery blast on February 13th rent the air of uneasy calm prevailing post-26/11. The Kabul guesthouse attacks on February 26th were another reminder, for those Indians wearing blinkers that India is at war with radicalised militants. With more terror attacks on the horizon, the Union government must be riffling through the options on the table to counter Pakistan-bred terrorism. Since Pakistan is going to be the darling of the international community till the US-led coalition forces decamp Afghanistan, India’s diplomatic leverage is bound to be severely circumscribed. The consequent inflamed passions will trigger discussions on the military options to teach Pakistan a lesson, and one phrase that’s going to rebound unceasingly is ‘Cold Start’.
Deterrence Versus Pre-emptive Action
Few months after the November 26th seaborne invasion of Mumbai, I had an absorbing colloquy with Adity Sharma, a student doing her MA in international relations in the USA. Here I paraphrase her point: It’s but natural for an aspirant India, dreaming big about global stardom, to endeavour for greater influence in Asia first before spreading its soft power elsewhere. Forget Asia, first India needs to pull her weight to exert reasonable influence in her backyard — a hostile neighbourhood. For that, India needs to evolve an effective strategy of deterrence or wield the pre-emptive sword to thwart terror attacks with Pakistani imprimatur.
But! though they will almost definitely face elimination in the long run, terrorists are not rational creatures, and therefore incapable of seeing reason. Thus, deterrence will most likely fail to prevent them from acting against the state. And the efficacy of deterrence is further frustrated when the opponent does not deem the threat credible.
Now, will it be more practicable for India to employ pre-emptive action that she can justify as self-defence to the world? Here the Pakistan Army will threaten to unsheathe nuclear weapons to stave off any Indian pre-emptive move.
Article 51 of Chapter VII of the UN Charter provides for the right of countries to engage in military action in self-defence, including collective self-defence (under a coalition). The law however does not specify about the type of attack that would give the state the justification to retaliate in self-defence. What is implicit is the victim of an armed attack has the right to employ military force against the aggressor after informing the Security Council. The use of force obviously has to be in tune with the principle of proportionality, and employed within a reasonable time frame.
Article 51 was famously cited by the US in support of the Vietnam War.
In India’s case, Pakistan is the host state where from the terrorists operate unhindered. The terrorist groups have been at it, with the connivance of the state (Pak Army), for ages. That the Pakistani Government is clearly disinclined to trammel them only bolsters India’s argument to attack these venomous groups.
In December 2007, Turkey attacked the strongholds of the militant ethnic separatist group PKK (Kurdistan Workers’ Party; PKK, a terrorist organisation blacklisted by the UN and others, founded in the late-1970s to create an independent Kurdish state, has since been engaged in an armed struggle against Turkey). Turkey claimed to the world that the Iraqi government had proven incapable of shackling the rebels, which amply justified its counterstrike on PKK.
You do not get better evidence of Pakistani complicity than Ajmal Kasab, the Pakistani national caught alive during the 26/11 terrorist attack. If India had chosen to launch surgical strikes ensuing 26/11, it could have done so under international law. And it would have been deemed proportional, timely.
Cold Start, A Primer
If one were to go by the recent commentaries of stalwarts across the border, Cold Start seems to have produced some cold sweat over there. So what is Cold Start?
Following the terrorist attack on our Parliament on December 13, 2001, the Union government ordered the armed forces to mobilise for action along the Indo–Pak border. Known as Operation Parakram, the mobilisation was so tardy that it took almost three weeks for even Indian Army’s elite strike corps to move to its op locations after ‘action stations’ was sounded.
What is informally known as the Sundarji doctrine had become the keystone of Indian Army’s war plan since the early-1980s. The three offensive ‘strike corps’ — I, II and later XXI Corps — based at Mathura, Ambala and Bhopal respectively, each with an orbat of an armoured division as spearhead, two mechanised infantry divisions in echelon, an artillery brigade, an air defence artillery brigade, engineer brigade and services, formed the heavy-duty sword-arm. Seven defensive ‘holding corps’ each comprising infantry and mechanised divisions, an armoured brigade, an artillery brigade and services, were deployed near the Indo–Pak border to foil Pakistani forays.
The Sundarji doctrine hinged on whopping conventional retaliation through the knockout blows executed by the three strike corps, which, under IAF’s air cover, would engage and destroy the Pakistan Army’s two strike corps (Mangla-based Army Reserve North and Multan-based Army Reserve South) in a ‘high-intensity battle of attrition’. Thereafter, the Army would press on to cleave Pakistan’s midriff into two.
Down the line, the doctrine underwent a policy nudge: instead of deep thrusts and high manoeuvres with mechanised forces, the focus shifted to inflicting maximum damage to the enemy forces, especially high-value targets.
The Op Parakram experience exposed five major flaws in the Sundarji doctrine:
* Lack of strategic surprise as the strike corps took too long to deploy, and gave the Pakistan Army enough time to counter-mobilise;
* The firepower was concentrated with the strike corps, the holding corps lacked it;
* The gargantuan size of the strike corps hindered its agility and its mobilisation turned out to be a logistical nightmare;
* The doctrine was found wanting to script a quicksilver riposte to terrorist attacks;
* It did not factor in the ever-ready-to-use nuclear arsenal of Pakistan.
What is the solution? Even as full mobilisation of the armed forces is set in motion, a chunk of the Army, with the aid of IAF, must have the capacity and capability to launch prompt incursions at rattling pace to deliver deathblows on enemy targets, but the onslaught should not be deadly enough to compel Pakistan to punch the nuclear button. Cold Start essentially embodies this war-fighting strategy. Cold Start, an offensive exercise, reverses India’s historic defensive military posture. By entrenching the tenet of broad front offensive-shallow penetration, it overthrows the narrow front-deep penetration credo of the Sundarji doctrine.
Unveiled in April 2004, Cold Start is a limited-war doctrine, a terrestrial-cum-aerial blitzkrieg that confines the conflict within the nuclear ‘red lines’. It envisages the creation of eight Division-sized Integrated Battle Groups (IBG) — carved out of the existing holding corps on the western front (less XIV, XV and XVI Corps based in Jammu and Kashmir) and also the strike corps — each IBG made up of independent/rapid armoured brigade, mechanised infantry, self-propelled artillery, missile-defence battery and backed by close air support, capable of executing multiple strikes using overwhelming firepower, to take the Pakistan Army by surprise and to inflict considerable damage on it within, say, four days. The Army Chief General Deepak Kapoor, to a query from the press corps, confirmed this: “The plan now is to launch self-contained and highly mobile battle groups adequately backed by air cover and artillery fire assaults for rapid thrusts into enemy territory within 96 hours.”
The holding corps, re-designated as pivot corps, would be reinforced with extra brawn so as to undertake limited offensive operations and strike few crippling blows of its own.
The pivot corps and IBGs would be stationed closer to the border to minimise logistical requirements and to enhance their ability to surprise. Besides, these division-sized units can be alerted and mobilised quicker than corps. Simultaneous attack from eight different directions should leave the Pakistan military leadership at sixes and sevens, and there through degrade their decision-making ability. Having eight formations to monitor instead of three should put the recce at intelligence resources of Pakistan at full strain, which should further the chances of achieving surprise. Moreover, heavens forbid, if Pakistan scrambles to nuke, division-sized formations would be smaller targets than corps-sized ones.
Given Pakistan’s proclaimed itch to nuke India, the Indian Army expects the US-led international community to intercede to halt the hostilities. During the post-ceasefire negotiations, India expects to extract iron clad undertaking from Pakistan to quell its homegrown terrorists in exchange for the territorial gains it made.
Pakistan, of course, can be expected to claim that India’s Cold Start warfare would have a destabilising effect on the subcontinent. Apart from formulating an ‘antidote’ to Cold Start, Pakistan would begin to rely even more on its nuclear arms to clip India’s conventional upper hand. Pakistan can also be expected to redraw and lower the nuclear red lines besides essaying to miniaturise nuclear warhead and putting its nuclear forces under a higher state of alert.
The first instances of fielding irregulars as force-multipliers perhaps took place during Napoleon’s invasion of Spain in 1808 and Russia in 1812. Of late, the Israel Defence Forces had to bear the brunt of the militiamen — Hezbollah in Lebanon and Hamas in Gaza. The Pakistan Army has diligently fathered and nurtured irregular fighters as frontline ‘assets’ to confront the Indian forces. The Indian military planners have to factor the menace posed by these wildcard warriors.
With time, the distinction between strike corps and pivot corps must diminish and disappear, to enable the remodelled corps to carry out both offensive and defensive operations. This way, the combat potential of the Indian Army could be harnessed fully.
The armed forces have to stockpile NBC equipment and enhance training to familiarise troops to operate in an NBC contaminated area.
The Nuclear Battleground
Nuclear weapons are not meant to fight wars, but Pakistan does not seem to believe so and its army thinks they are playthings to be pulled out at the first swoosh of gunshot. So let us analyse whether India can undertake limited conventional operations against Pakistan without triggering a nuclear response.
Pakistan’s nuclear weapons are primarily meant to blunt India’s conventional edge. Since Pakistan, unlike India, has no ‘no-first-use’ policy, and since it has not ruled out employing nukes in response to a conventional assault, the only unequivocal policy outline hitherto comes from retired Lieutenant General Khalid Kidwai, boss of Pakistan’s Strategic Plans Division. He enunciated, “If, India overruns large swathes of Pakistan territory; India destroys a large part of Pakistan’s land or air forces; India blockades Pakistan in an effort to strangle it economically; or India pushes Pakistan into a state of political destabilisation or creates large-scale internal subversion in the country.”
The Indo–Pak border can be demarcated into four geographically and demographically distinct sectors or theatres:
* The Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir;
* South J&K and Punjab plains;
* North and Central Rajasthan; and
* South Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Right from south Jammu to central Rajasthan, the terrain either side of the Indo–Pak border is marked by natural and manmade obstacles like canals and dhussi called ditch-cum-bund (DCB) — the subcontinent’s own Maginot Line. These DCBs are dotted with well-concealed concrete bunkers with ample defensive firepower. The DCBs thus render large-scale mechanised operations well-nigh impossible.
For the fear of alienating the Muslim population of J&K, the use of nuclear weapons there by Pakistan can more or less be ruled out.
The vast majority of the military, bureaucratic and political plutocrats of Pakistan belong to heartland Punjab, and therefore it is highly unlikely that the Pakistan Army would use nukes for tactical gains as an Indian nuclear reprisal would devastate their home province. Moreover, much of the DCBs and bulwark of concrete bunkers should survive a nuclear attack, and therefore counterproductive from military perspective, and only a gormless Fuehrer would bang the nuclear button. Furthermore, the RAPIDs — Reorganised Army Plains Infantry Division (attached to the holding corps in Punjab and Rajasthan) — are equipped with very dependable C4I (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence) system, kitted with NBC gear and stocked with decontamination vehicles/aids, and therefore capable of functioning in an environment dirtied by NBC attack.
Further south, the horizontal landscape of the Thar Desert and Rann of Kutch present the ideal terrain for a fierce Indo-Pak armoured combat. That there is little scope of collateral damage will make it an ideal backdrop for tactical nuclear warfare. But the sandy landmass of Thar and the peat bogs and saline marshland of Kutch have little strategic importance. In sum, as long as India limits her territorial gains in this segment, even an ultra-jingoistic Pak General would find it impossible to justify the use of nuclear weapons for tactical gains.
Pakistan could deem any breach of its water courses in the north-to-central Rajasthan theatre an existential threat and therefore could rattle the nuclear sabre, but by once again limiting the territorial gains — say an inroad of 50-60 km (even 80 km) abutting Pakistan — India can parry Pakistan’s nuclear brinkmanship.
What we deduce from above is that India can theoretically manage a lightning campaign without providing Pakistan the excuse of infringement to its territorial sovereignty to launch a nuclear attack on India.
Cold Start, A Reality Check
The billion-rupee question is whether India has inbuilt capacity to pull off Cold Start. Chew on these:
* Success of any military action, needless to say, will depend on the element of surprise. So, timing is all-important. Does our politico-bureaucratic-military establishment have the synergy, clarity of thought and swiftness of decision-making?
* The German Field Marshal Helmuth von Moltke is credited to have said that the first casualty on the first contact with the enemy is the battle plan! Does the Indian Army have a Plan B up its sleeve in case the military campaign goes awry?
* The Sundarji doctrine owes its conceptual framework to AirLand Battle — spelled out in the US Army’s Field Manual FM 100-5 — which formed the basis of US Army’s European war-fighting doctrine from 1982 to the late-1990s. Similarly, Battle Groups are an old NATO concept in which offensive operations were carried out at three levels. And Cold Start is simply a rehash of the lightning war propounded by German officers — Lieutenant Colonel Ernst Volckheim initially and fine-tuned by General Heinz Wilhelm Guderian — and demonstrated by the German Wehrmacht in the Second World War.
Well, I have no pathological dislike for employing borrowed doctrines; after all, why reinvent the wheel? The hitch here is the mismatch between these western doctrines and the preponderant Russian hardware. The old Soviet and Russian machines were made to be in sync with the Russian war doctrine — a massive, turbo swoop down to pulverise its European rivals with the sheer force of numbers. Those machines are meant to work in dustless battlefield, cold climate, etc. India is different.
* Neglect by successive governments has led to the reduction in force levels as well as firepower vis-à-vis Pakistan. Since we committed ourselves, with characteristic bravado, to no-first-use policy, we ought to have inflated our conventional deterrence. Capacity building takes years, even decades, through astute planning and acquisition. (And because of the above, we need to crank up designing and producing our own battle equipment.)
Forget the absent strategic culture, there is dearth of defence planning at the strategic level too. Since the advent of the UPA Government, more so with AK Antony at the helm of the defence ministry, there has been nil procurement/upgrade of any major weapon system through competitive tendering. All acquisitions have been pushed through government-to-government and other single-vendor contracts. Conservative estimate puts the cost approximately 25 percent more than it would have cost in competitive bidding! Antony’s narcissistic obsession with his ‘spotlessly clean’ image (he is reported to have told his babus to give the thumbs down to any acquisition at the first whiff of suspicion, never mind if a rival dealer planted the fib) has acutely hamstrung the modernisation of the forces. Burnishing his Mr Clean image further seems to be his only concern.
The fits-and-starts modernisation, paralysis in acquisition especially in procuring self-propelled guns and howitzers, have dwindled the firepower and slackened the mobility.
* From what has been going on (Pakistan’s pledge to slow-bleed India through a thousand cuts), it is evident that Pakistan is unimpressed with either of the Indian options (deterrence and pre-emptive action). Pakistan believes that India’s conventional superiority, semblance of international clout and desperate measures can all be nixed through nuclear blackmail. Let us be honest: presently India does not possess the hard and soft power required to arm-twist or influence the military establishment in Pakistan into stanching the terror flow. India obviously needs to do the hard yards to infuse fright in her glare and credibility in her threat. To overcome the power deficit, she has to plug her capability gaps: build military sinews, boost economic power exponentially, strengthen diplomatic muscle, scale up policing and intelligence gathering, shed bureaucratic-military sloth, cultivate political unanimity, sew up communal and other fissures, synergise the functioning of governmental agencies charged with counterterrorism.
* The Indian Army and the IAF have conducted several exercises, viz. Divya Astra, Vajra Shakti, Desert Strike, Sanghe Shakti and Brazen Chariots, to assess/validate Cold Start manoeuvres. So, how close or far are we from operationalising Cold Start? I’m afraid, we are years away. This is because of several reasons.
The IAF dreams of establishing itself as a continental air force. It has its own independent and grand strategies to stretch its wings. Italian General Giulio Douhet and later British Air Chief Marshal Arthur ‘Bomber’ Harris had pioneered the idea of strategic bombing in aerial warfare, i.e. bombing the living daylights out of the enemy by battering his centres of gravity (where enemy is most vulnerable, attack there has a good chance of contributing to a decisive outcome). The IAF, despite the depletion in fighter squadron strength, still fancies reigniting the Douhet-Harris firestorm. Close air support, consequently, figures low in IAF’s priority.
It is no secret that the inter-services turf wars are fought with as much loyalty and devotion as the real wars. The Cold Start doctrine was born out of the Army’s womb, not out of tri-services’ (Integrated Defence Staff) labour. No wonder then that, despite the aforementioned combined exercises, the army and the air force are not on the same wavelength. Will the IAF earmark and dedicate a chunk of its combat assets for Cold Start air support? Guess.
* Given the mind-boggling logistics involved in mobilising the forces, to speed up mobilisation, it is imperative to shift the garrisons and cantonments closer to the border. The army has just set the ball rolling. Though the Indian Railways is forthcoming (Op Parakram was an exception), it cannot provide the army the stock to validate the mobilisation of inland forces in actual trials.
* Lastly, the army has only begun to internalise the Cold Start doctrine.
Cold Start and the Nuclear Deadfall
During the Kargil war, Pakistan had explicitly brandished the nuclear-threat, but the top brass at the Services HQ dismissed this nuclear machismo; they believed Pakistan had to be downright daffy to use nukes and invite annihilation. Kargil was about the recapture of Indian territory furtively occupied by Pakistan. Though significant territorial gains are highly unlikely in a limited war, Cold Start involves capture of Pakistani territory to be used as a bargaining chip (with the destruction of Pakistan’s war-waging potential as the secondary goal).
Also Read: Tactical Shifts in the Terror Profile
Now, this is a combustible issue as no self-respecting nation will swallow territorial loss to its sworn archrival, that too a country dismembered by the selfsame archrival. Even if heavyweight peacemakers are parachuted down in time, Pakistan will perforce have to vacate the territorial seizure. This will lead to an intensified war of attrition, which Pakistan forces will lose ultimately.
Though military theorists have propounded their take on nuclear thresholds, as human beings are unpredictable, lose rationality and panic easily, these models carry little certitude outside seminar halls, certainly not in a battlefield engulfed by the ‘fog of war’ and the fear of defeat. I believe this would be the stage where any laager of Indian armour inside Pakistani territory would invite nuclear attack to stave off the stigma of another trouncing.
Further, to expect Pakistan to play ball in post-conflict resolution is being dim-witted. Therefore, I’m sceptical about our ability to pull off the Cold Start doctrine as it is too risky as you cannot predict/shape its future course, without letting the blaze to blow up into an uncontainable inferno or even nuclear holocaust.
The Better Military Option
Let us assume the Pakistan Army continues to thumb its nose at India’s ‘coercive diplomacy’ and machinates another provocative terrorist attack (Kasab capture ruined its party, hence it will not risk using Pak nationals, prefer Indian operatives). Let us also assume the Union Government grows a spine and pulls its finger out. What is the best military option available?
Like a true fighter pilot, I will argue for employing air power instead of betting on short-swift armoured lunges with an eye to barter/extract an indemnity of peace, milk and honey later. The IAF and the Special Forces can be tasked to target the terror nurseries as well as the hideouts of terror-mentors. The IAF has acquired the capabilities of pinpoint targeting and delivery, precision-guided munitions and standoff weapons to do its devoir.
If our intelligence is hot, the IAF should hit targets accurately. If we manage the media and PR blitz adroitly, my instinct says Pakistan, despite jingoistic public-media pressure, will think ten times before launching a counter, as that will mean all-out war. Despite the Pakistani bluster, this writer thinks Pak will not want to escalate the hostilities. Even if there is a Pakistani retaliation, the reactions are predictable, and therefore the fallout could be contained.
Cold Start Plus
Cold Start is just past its toddlerhood, yet to evolve into an adult. Though I debunked the reliance of territorial capture, there is one scenario in which it should work to at — the Line of Control. Mind you, the troops manning the counter-insurgency grid in the state have sizeable artillery assets to back them. Cold Start should be effective in few sectors along the LoC. Roughly six brigades there can swing into action right away. It should take at least four days for the Pakistan Army to mobilise its forces from the Durand Line to the LoC. This time frame should be adequate for our formations along the International Border (IB) to mobilise and be at full ****.
The lay of the land south of Jammu should make the Shakargarh Bulge another inviting sector. The forces deployed here can strike as well as provide cover to the National Highway 1A (Jalandhar-Srinagar) — our lifeline. This manoeuvre is also meant to take advantage of the Pakistani reluctance to activate the IB.
Keeping the risk of nuclear warfare in mind, the objective of the formations along the IB must be twofold:
* Conquer an area that isn’t large enough to threaten Pakistan’s existence but large enough to compel Pakistan to commit its forces;
* Inflict maximum possible devastation on the adversary within few days, with the least collateral damage to Pakistani civilians.
With a chunk of its military machine laid waste, the Pakistan Army’s chutzpah to bleed India through terror outfits should evaporate, and a basket case like Pakistan would find it arduous to rebuild its military capability. With the Pakistan Army on the mat, the post-conflict settlement should benefit India.
Deterrence versus Pre-emptive Action, Revisited
I think a deft blend of deterrence and punitive action (the Americans have screwed up and discredited the pre-emptive doctrine) can worst the ongoing proxy war. Pakistan will buckle under only if India is able to raise the costs of Pakistani malfeasance and make the merchants of ****** terrorism feel the pain.
Despite India’s remonstrations, Pakistani Government continues to drag its feet and treat the 26/11 mastermind Hafiz Muhammad Saeed like its son-in-law. What if this charade goes on? Maybe the time has come to think of covert operation to bump off mass murderer Hafiz Saeed, even flagitious Maulana Masood Azhar. The Mossad-style do-it-yourself hit job is unnecessary here as there are enough Cosa Nostra-like syndicates who will do it for a price, without leaving the spoor.
Is India the only country with a war doctrine??
For example, PLA generals have emphasized that they are trying to build a force capable of attacking the enemy's structural system. This might imply that they are building up force projection capabilities in context of self-defense. What is unique about PRC's military doctrine is that it sees everything as a weapon. This reference to Revolution in Military Affairs, which states that new technologies shape the battlefield.
In case of India, we have introduced Cold start doctorine. The main components of this doctorine is as follows:
1. Re-location of Armoured Divisions, Armoured Brigades and Strike Formations Headquarters
2. Higher Commanders Mental Robustness and Military Audacity
3. Indian Air Force (IAF) Planning and Concept of Operations
4. Air Defence Networks and Systems
5. Integration with Nuclear Warfare Plans Both Defensive and Offensive
6. NBC Proofing of Tanks/APCs, Provision of NBC Combat Suits for Personnel and Systems Within Strike Formations
7. Digitalised Real Time Information and Satellite Coverage
8. Indian Army’s Electronic Welfare (EW) Capabilities Enhancement
If we observe carefully then we can see the recent trends of arms purchases and technology updates fulfill all the above mentioned points.
@ Peacemaker, I was trying to be sarcastic, And You are explaining the War doctrine to An EX Major, Is that sarcastic aswell??
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