Indian arms market has become an arena for the very tough competition
Индийский рынок оружия стал ареной для самой жесткой конкурентной борьбы
In February, the main events of the planet in the military-technical sphere held in India, proudly calling itself the largest democracy in the world. In the heart of the capital of the republic - in the exhibition and entertainment venues Pragati Maidan exhibition was held February 15-18, military equipment and weapons Defexpo 2010. Exhibition exposition took 30 thousand square meters, which exhibited 350 Indian and dozens of foreign companies. Defexpo 2010 became a regular platform on which clashed main players in the world arms market, all the forces trying to catch each other very appetizing pieces of the pie ", which are military orders Delhi.
During the Defexpo 2010 to the north, the mountains were relative altitude and climatic test rotary-wing aircraft, at the tender submitted by the Defense Ministry of India, involving the purchase of 197 light helicopters. During the tests worked out and run off from a mountain area at an altitude of 5 km above sea level after an overnight "standing". In this tender, Russia's Ka-226 competes with the best European products from AgustaWestland and Eurocopter.
Immediately after the close of the exhibition, 19 February, on the basis of the Indian Navy "Hans" in the state of Goa a solemn ceremony on arms production of the first four deck fighters MiG-29K/KUB who got Squadron "Black Panthers".
Modest, without any pomp was no less important event - the transfer of the Indian Navy last, fifth marine patrol aircraft Il-38SD after the refurbishment and upgrade by installing the latest set of "Sea Dragon".
Perhaps, in February, no other country could boast of events in the military field, comparable in significance to the Indian. Whether more will be! It is expected that up to 2022, India will purchase arms and military technology (IWT), totaling 100 billion U.S. dollars. Unlike the seventies-eighties of the last century, when the Soviet Union received almost all the major Indian orders for armaments and military equipment, today a buyer intentionally maintains a high degree of struggle between the major manufacturers in the world. Applying the policy decision on possible expansion of its own defense production, India has persistently seeking these global manufacturers who are treated with respect to contractual obligations, after-sales support, understand the importance of life cycle cost, have experience in offset programs have a critical breakthrough technologies and, most importantly - are willing to share them.
Not always (but so far very often), Russia's proposals are highly valued customer. That is what prompted the Government of India to extend cooperation agreement with Russia on military-technical cooperation for another decade - until 2022. However, all types of armed forces of India wish to broaden the base of suppliers and tend to diversify with new contracts. This fact plays an important role in choosing a supplier 126 fighters, which is designed to determine the tender MMRCA. Given the possible option, which would increase supply even half the total transaction value could exceed $ 10 billion. This is a very big sum even for India, with its large-scale procurement in recent years. Such serious spending at higher political risks, that prompted the Department of Defense recently to ask the opinion of the military Chief of Staff of Indian Air Force: and whether to choose one winner of the tender program MMRCA, perhaps, to distribute the order between the two parties - Russia and the United States, serves the best offers in the form MiG-35 and F-16IN? Ideally, the deal should be concluded in 2010 and is fully framed in 2011. Purchased aircraft will form the basis of Frontal Aviation Indian Air Force and will serve in its composition over three and a half decades.
No less important, and competition for non-nuclear submarines of the next generation, front-runner is considered to be Russia project "Cupid". As it became known during the Defexpo 2010, the Council on procurement of assets finished work on "the principle of acquired" a few months ago and soon will be issued to applicants' request for proposal "(RFP).
Generally every year in India, conducted hundreds of different tenders for the supply of equipment, spare parts, modernization and other kinds of work. And as I said to journalists Deputy Director General of Rosoboronexport Viktor Komardin, Russia's proposals win in most cases. But the American, European and Israeli rivals are determined to change the situation, and I must admit, lately it is not increasing.
Not the last role is played by powerful advertising campaigns, which are our rivals almost single day does not stop. Especially on a large scale they make in the preparation and conduct of major exhibitions on Indian territory: the combined advertising budgets of individual firms under specific exhibition times are not hundreds of thousands and millions of dollars. As they say, advertising - motor trade. And our engine is obviously junk in power and above all - exhaust, his work is almost invisible against the background of "charged" Western turbines. Financial support of advertising Russian suppliers in India in the tens if not hundreds of times less than Western firms. As a result, the tone of the publications in the Indian press is becoming more "westernized", and in some cases - frankly antirossiyskim.
Several Indian publishers who have a year or two ago, have actively supported Russia's defense industry, today do not hide their negative attitude toward Russia, the construction and operation of its system of military-technical cooperation, as well as the work of individual advertising agencies. Defexpo 2010 - an excellent example. During the exhibition, three major local publishing group (producing magazines Force, Vayu and International Aerospace respectively), a large circulation published and distributed free daily magazines. Major advertisers, has cornered more than two-thirds of the total area of these three editions, have become the largest defense concerns the United States and Western Europe. Total of about thirty. A list of Russian river-
lamodateley three exhibition limited editions of two points. United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) and its member RSK "MiG", which, incidentally, in an exhibition with stands not involved (with the materials of their products were available at the booth Rosoboronexport), placed their units, and notes on pages exhibition rooms Vayu. And what Rosoboron-export and our other members? But they either could not or did not want to spend money on popular Indian media.
Our "defense" on Defexpo 2010 helped Sergei Sobyanin, Deputy Prime Minister of Russia - head of the government. He visited the exhibition on the opening day and his presence attracted the attention of the press. And on the second day came the turn of the Minister of Industry and Trade Minister Viktor Khristenko: he spent on the familiarity with the exposition of not less than one and a half hours, beating all Russia stands and visiting several foreign. It is interesting to note that the level of VIP-visitors Defexpo 2010 from Russia's side was even higher than the Indian: the owners are represented Arakkaparambil Kurian Antony - India's Defense Minister, Raj Kumar Singh - Secretary of Defense Industry, Palla Raju - Minister of State for Defense and Radip Kumar - Secretary of Defense.
For some projects in the field of military technical cooperation with India, our leadership is indisputable. After signing a corresponding intergovernmental agreement and the transfer of Russia technical requirements for fifth-generation fighter in September 2009 Equal participation of industry of the two countries in the program Fifth-Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) - that's a bargain. In the process of being finalized for the main contract FGFA. He may have signed during the forthcoming visit to India, Prime Minister of Russia Vladimir Putin.
Almost as a fait accompli at the exhibition Defexpo 2010 talked about the establishment of a joint Russo-indiys-enterprises for whom multi-purpose military transport plane Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA). Good prospects are domestic helicopters and not only above-
referred Ka-226. This is evidenced ... demonstration model of the special version of the helicopter Ka-52 on the stand of the European "missile" of the firm MBDA. From the basic version of "Alligator" is it different national emblems of the Indian Air Force, and a redesigned pylons, designed for mounting missiles air-air "ATAM (joint development of MBDA and its Indian partners), an upgrade of its anti-missile Milan - Milan 2T and the latest multi-PARS 3 LR. The first firing tests ATAM with an armed version of the helicopter AHL Dhruv (WSI) company HAL passed in December 2009 - count on the eve Defexpo 2010. Launch Milan 2T now commercially produced in the factories of the Indian team Bharat licensed as a development project "Milan" (the rocket in the series beginning in India in 1985). The new version is distinguished by the tandem warhead, which allows to destroy tanks with mounted panels "active armor". A new - PARS 3 LR generated much interest from visitors Defexpo 2010 mainly because of its widely raspiarili in all venues of free magazines. Thanks to European missilemen: hanging his raspiarennuyu rocket under the Ka-52, and they have helped to advance our technology to the local market.
And yet, despite the many new items, were shown at the foreign stands, the most intriguing exhibits presented the owners themselves. New to Defexpo 2010 exhibited short-range missiles Shaurya - the latest development of Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO). This is a special unit of the Ministry of Defense, engaged in exploratory research and breakthrough design of military equipment. Prototype missile successfully test firing began in November 2008. Launchers with militant rocket shown on the Republic Day parade on January 16, and Defexpo 2010 was the first exhibition, where a disclosure of the new system. Maximum range Shaurya - about 600 km. It is created in opposition to China's new DF-11B systems and DF-15A as a powerful deterrent.
No less interesting novelty - PAD Exo Atmospheric Interceptor. This anti-missile missile, created on the basis of tactical ballistic missile Prithvi. DRDO has already developed a decent experience interception, and PAD - one of several developments missiles, which are conducted in India. The first successful intercept in the atmosphere (altitude 15 km) in December 2007, when the missile AAD (Advanced Air Defence), launched from the island in the Bay of Bengal was interrupted controlled flight goals, the role played by Prithvi. However, there are reports that India has conducted first missile intercept even earlier - in 2006 destroyed the anti-missile missile target in the stratosphere at an altitude of 60 km (type of missile and target are uncertain).
Lots of new developments provided the Department of DRDO, dealing robots and remotely operated vehicles. The exhibition demonstrated a dozen full-scale exhibits of its kind. Among armed with machine guns and special means of destruction "wheeled" robots "lost" absolutely amazing device - a miniature helicopter Netra with four propellers. It is a fully autonomous aircraft designed to fight terrorists and insurgents. Sam UAV Netra, whose body is made of composite materials, and control devices are carried by two soldiers. Flight duration is limited to thirty minutes and is determined by battery life. When the charge drops to a critical level or interrupted radio communications with the base unit returns "home" in automatic mode. Composition of equipment includes a GPS-receiver, gyroscope, accelerometer and altimeter. Stabilization system cope with the wind, and with other external factors. Flight path is determined by the assumed in the computer memory device data are worked on autopilot. Task load UAV Netra - stabilized video camera that transmits to the base video image in real time via a secure channel radio.
Netra generated much interest in connection with recent terrorist attacks that killed more citizens of the Republic of India. Visited the exhibition of high government officials once again promised the journalists that will take all measures to strengthen the technical equipment of police and special purposes, including the allocation of additional funds for the purchase of modern weapons and equipment, including some samples for Defexpo 2010. In this regard, Russia's companies expect to win one of tenders, just involving the supply of machines for special forces.