Originally Posted by Malik Alashter
More like Iraqi Baathist have been the curse of Muslim world!
Saddam raising terrorism in Pakistan.
In the 1950s, Iraq provided support for Baluchs against Tehran. Rebel leader Dad Shah was very famous in Iraq’s media. He was killed in 1957 but Iraqi support continued. The Shah of Iran was unable to stop the civil war in Iranian Balochistan immediately after the death of Dad Shah. Iranian forces successfully put down the rebellion at the start of 1960s. Many Baluchis went underground and reorganized. In 1968, with the help of Iraq and other Arab nationalist leaders, the Baluch once again revolted. The revolt ended in 1975 when the Shah persuaded one of the main Baluch nationalists and tribal chiefs to negotiate. In 1970s, ties with Iraq became stronger by supporting Baluch separatist groups on both sides of border. From 1973 to 1977 Iraq aided the Baluchi revolt in Pakistan, the Balochistan conflict. In February 1973, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto dismissed the Balochistan provincial government and arrested three main Baluch nationalist leaders because of arms discovered in Iraqi embassy. Pakistan's government also announced an Iraqi/Soviet plan to break up Pakistan and Iran. With the help of the Shah, Pakistan crushed the insurgence in Balochistan in 1977 and exiled Baluch nationalist leaders who had been in prison since 1973; some migrated to Afghanistan, Gulf states and UK. In the 1980 Iran–Iraq War, Iraq once again supported the Baluch to keep Iranian forces busy on their eastern front aiding Iraq on the western front. In June 1991, Saddam Hussein removed one of his most honourable commanders General Wafiq Samarrai because of his ties with Tehran. In 1994, General Samarrai revealed that Iraqi Intelligence Service relations were very well-established on both sides of the border. During the Iran–Iraq War Iraqi intelligence had an office in Dubai run by Baluchis.
Relations between the Baloch people and the State of Iraq had historical roots and were strong before the United States invasion of Iraq. Following the 1971 war and the partition of East Pakistan, Iraq collaborated with the Soviet Union to launch a covert operation to provide military aid to the Balochi nationalists in Pakistan and Iran. The aim of this exercise was to destabilize the two countries by helping dissident Baloch parties in their struggles to seek independence from the Pakistani and Iranian States.
The operation remained successful during the early 1970s, but ultimately failed when there was a dispute amongst the Nationalist leaders involved in this operation. The dispute took place when Balochi leaders Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo and Ataullah Mengal of National Awami Party refused to accept the demands of Akbar Bugti to establish himself as the Governor of the Province of Balochistan.
On the midnight of 9 February 1973, Akbar Khan Bugti had revealed to Pakistani authorities about weapons shipment smuggled from Soviet Union by help of Iraq which kept in the Iraqi embassy in Islamabad
. In 10 February 1973, the Pakistani authorities began to prepared to launch a quick military operation. After limited hours of planning, a special military operation was led by Special Service Group accompanied by the Pakistan Army Rangers to storm the Iraqi embassy. Following this incident, authorities discovered 300 Soviet submachine guns with 50,000 rounds of ammunitions and large amount of money that was to be distributed amongst Baluchi separatist groups.
Following this incident, the nationalist leader Sher Mohammad Marri visited Baghdad. Newspapers reported that the arms were intended to be given to Balochi separatists in both Pakistan and Iran to fuel tentions amongst the two states and the dissident tribes. A few months later, it was also reported that in reality, the arms were not found in the Iraqi Embassy but in the Iraqi consulate in Karachi. Some authorities predicted that the discovery of these weapons would muster greater support for the government from other ethnic groups in the country. A military operation was also launched in Baluchistan shortly after this incident. This counter-insurgency operation finally ended in 1977 after the deaths of thousands of civilians, Balochi separatists and Pakistani military personnel. Despite this setback, Iraq continued to support underground activities to empower Balochi nationalists.
Originally Posted by Pakistani Nationalist
Iran wanst a shia state back then. Infact until the Safavid masscares and forced conversions in 1600..Iran was the largest sunni state only challenged by Ottomans or Turkey