VICTIMS OF MASSACRE, 22nd OCTOBER 1947″ | Articals | South Asian News Agency
Ashique Hamdani Syed
In 1947 India was divided in two Dominion states run by Governor Generals as representative of British Crown. Section 1 of the Indian Independence Act 1947 provided that from “the fifteenth day of August, nineteen hundred and forty-seven, two independent Dominions shall be set up in India, to be known respectively as India and Pakistan”. Jammu and Kashmir had the option to join either India or Pakistan or remain independent according to Indian Independence Act 1947.
Maharajah Hari Singh was committed to maintain independence of State of Jammu Kashmir. Lord Mountbatten, the last British Viceroy of India, flew to Srinagar on June 19, 1947 .Maharaja Hari Singh tried to enter into a “standstill agreement” with both India and Pakistan on August 12, 1947. Pakistan agreed and signed “standstill agreement”. The state of Jammu Kashmir came under an economic blockade as Pakistan suspended supplies of all its essential commodities to the state on September 18, 1947.
Pakistan further violated the Standstill Agreement on October 22, 1947 by invading its armed tribesman. A huge number of tribesmen, equipped with modern weapons, invaded on Muzaffarabad from the side of Abbottbad. This was the first proxy war of Pakistan which imposed against the people of Jammu Kashmir.
The situation compelled the Maharaja to seek the help of India with joining the Indian Union on October, 26 with a request of provisional accession to get urgent military assistances. The first group of the Indian forces was flown to Srinagar on 27th October by then tribal invaders had already reached Baramulla. In Gilgit, the state paramilitary forces, called the Gilgit Scouts, were forced divided on the basis of religion some of it forced joined the invading tribal forces, who thereby obtained control of this northern region of the state including Chitral, whose ruler, the Mehtar of Chitral, had forced to acceded with Pakistan. Meanwhile, Mirpur was captured by the tribal forces on the 25th of November 1947.
On November 7, the Indian forces fought a successful battle with the tribesmen..By the end of March 1948, the latter were pushed back from a major portion of the ‘ state territory. Finding the tribesmen in a hopeless condition, Pakistan’s regular army also entered into Kashmir to help his tribesmen in May 1948.
At this stage Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru decided to ask UN to intervene. A UN cease-fire was arranged for the 31 December 1948. A few days before the cease-fire the Pakistanis launched a counter attack, which cut the road between Uri and Poonch. After protracted negotiations a cease-fire was agreed to by both countries, which came into effect. The terms of the cease-fire as laid out in a United Nations resolution of August 13, 1948, were adopted by the UN on January 5, 1949. This required Pakistan to withdraw its forces, both regular and irregular, while allowing India to maintain minimum strength of its forces in the state to preserve law and order. On compliance of these conditions a plebiscite was to be held to determine the future of the territory.
In all, 1,500 soldiers died on each side during the war and Pakistan was able to acquire roughly two-fifths of Kashmir, including five of the fourteen eight thousanders plus peaks of the world, while India maintained the remaining three fifths of Kashmir, including the most populous and fertile regions.
35000 Kashmiries including Muslim, Hindus and Sikhs were killed by Pakistan sponsored tribal invaders. Only in Muzaffarabad, about 1,600 women and children were lodged in Amor Camp on 24th October 1947. Killing, rapping woman and murdering innocent children, by the tribal invaders is the most crucial component of this tragedy.
Nationalist political parties in Pakistani-Occupied Kashmir (***), has decided to observe October 22 as a ‘Black Day’ in remembrance of the 1947 invasion by Pakistani army men disguised as tribesmen, which led to the division of the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
Facebook Protest against tribal attack on Independent States of Jammu Kashmir and memorizing the innocent victims Kashmiries who lost their lives in Muzaffarabad, Mirpur, Kotli and Gilgit & Baltistan, in those black days of state of Jammu Kashmir, this online memorial ceremony “LIT A CANDLE; TO PAY TRIBUTE VICTIMS OF MASSACRE, 22nd OCTOBER 1947 ” honors sacrifices of those compatriots, women and children who lost their lives by the brutal attacks of Pakistan sponsored tribal invaders in State of Jammu and Kashmir.