Just read the book; "A Case of Exploding Mangoes" & one will get shame to acknowledge Zia as a pious Muslim LeaderA lovely book
A Case of Exploding Mangoes - Mohammed Hanif - Fullscreen
General Akhtar Abdul Rehman
Our objectives were to ensure that our back was secure from India.. the soviets in Afghanistan could provide India bases and other advantages.. not to mention step into a future fight allied with them against us..and there was a real possibility of us being overrun and occupied by a joint Indo-Soviet force.
So.. we played on the US's need to keep an anti soviet bullwark alive.. whilst avoiding direct conflict..
Unfortunately.. like Op Gibraltar.. and countless others.. we screwed up the endgame(or never planned for one..whichever is your take).
Let me add that this jockeying was going on since before Bhutto's time. It came to head after Daud started actively particpating in NWFP politics through their proxy NAP. Than Bhutto unleashed ISI to start subversion in Afghanistan. This happened -- and Daud's Govt. was rocked and privately conceeded to accept Durand line as the int'l border. Russia stepped in and and rest is history.
This I believe is the reason we got engaged in Afghanistan. US always had an interest there but was limited to USSR and less on Afghanistan.
We need to put this point accross that before anyone else we had a strong interest in Afghanistan -- US was suckered in and was a willing partner as both countires for different reasons had convergant interests. We were not fighting anyone else's war but our own.
Perhaps India centric.. but one cannot blame our establishment to look at the worse case scenario.
A hostile India and a hostile Afghanistan.
And if one takes a lesson from our friends to the north east and from our moral and ethical guides, one would have to say that the worst case situation is when there is disequilibrium, The worst case threat is not a hostile India, it is a Pakistan that is unable to compete with a industrial India -- I'm with you and can join any analyst with what armaments and personnel the Indian has posted along the border and all that -- reality is that India have not used these assets even when it could have done so - why? beyond the jingoistic explanations, there is the easy common sense explanation, while Indian industrial capabilities grow (read economy), Pakistan's have stagnated and accrued negative growth -- this has and will create disequilibrium, imbalance -- it's not the Indian's fault that he is succeeding at what we are failing at -- we can still make this right, lets focus on that.
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