1 January 1994
Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto is angered by statements made by Federal Minister for Special Education- Sher Afghan Khan Niazi and Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) Chairman Ashfaq Ahmed concerning the state of the Chashma Nuclear Power Plant, and consequently issues a directive effectively banning public statements on nuclear power plants. Back in December 1993, Afghan Khan Niazi reportedly told Bhutto that the 300-MW Chashma nuclear power plant, which is being built with Chinese assistance, could be unsafe because of the way in which its monitoring system is being developed.
--"Bhutto Bans Public Statements On Nuclear Power Plants," The Muslim (Islamabad), 2 January 1994, Pg. 2; JPRS-TND-94-003, (FBIS), 31 January 1994, Pg. 14; "Minister Reportedly Warns of 'Unsafe' Nuclear Project," Jang (Rawalpindi), 29 December 1993, Pp. 1,5; JPRS-TND-94-003,(FBIS), 31 January 1994, Pg. 15; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 31 January 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
13 January 1994
A group of Canadian engineers representing the Candu Owners Group recently conduct an inspection of Pakistan's 137-MW Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP) and find no evidence of hydride corrosion of the fuel channel walls, a common problem found in Canadian-produced Candu reactors after twenty years of service. The inspection team works under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as part of the Safe Operation of KANUPP (SOK) program developed in 1989.
--"Rigid Garter Springs May Have Saved Kanupp From Tube Fracture," Nucleonics Week, 13 January 1994, Pg. 6; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 13 January 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
17 January 1994
Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) Chairman, Ishfaq Ahmad says that Pakistan will soon be able to build its own nuclear power plants, saying "in fact, a successful experiment in this regard has already been made." He stresses Pakistan's commitment to pursue its nuclear program, which he characterizes as "totally peaceful" and directed only towards "the social uplift of the people." Ahmad adds that the Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH) has been in charge of the nuclear research and development program, which has been underway for 25 years. At KANUPP, Ahmad says, Pakistani scientists have "prepared spare parts and a full-fledged computer program." In addition, he says that Pakistan's 300 MW Chashma nuclear power plant, being built with the aid of China, is expected to become operational by 1996.
--"Country To Manufacture Nuclear power Reactors 'Soon,'" The News (Islamabad), 19 January 1994, Pg. 11; JPRS-TND-94-005, (FBIS), 25 February 1994; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 25 February 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
31 January 1994
A five-member delegation from the US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), led by acting director Tom Graham, will visit Pakistan (Feb. 1-3, 1994), to participate in discussions with Pakistani officials regarding the Pakistani nuclear program. A US Embassy spokesman says that the ACDA team, which is expected to call on Pakistan to join the Conference on Disarmament, may bring up the question of Pakistan joining the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT).
--"U.S. Team Coming For Talks On Nuclear, Other Issues," UPI, 31 January 1994; Executive News Service, 31 January 1994; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 31 January 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
Pakistan establishes a nuclear research institute at the Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), designed to study nuclear steam supply systems. The new institute will also study the work done at other establishments run by the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) and will give advice on research and development and design engineering and safety enhancement at Pakistan's nuclear power plants.
--"PAEC Sets Up Nuclear Power Institute," Dawn (Karachi), 20 January 1994, Pg. 1; JPRS-TND-94-005, (FBIS), 25 February 1994, Pg. 22; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 25 February 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
20 February 1994
The Prime Minister's special assistant on economic affairs, Shahid Hasan, states that Pakistan is considering "at the highest level," a French offer to revive an agreement signed during the previous Pakistan People's Party government, whereby France would supply Pakistan with a nuclear power plant.
--"France Offers To Revive Nuclear Power Plant Agreement With Pakistan," Radio Pakistan Network (Islamabad), 21 February 1994; JPRS-TND-94-006, (FBIS), 16 March 1994, Pg. 60; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 16 March 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
29 March 1994
US Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott and Pakistan's Ambassador in Washington D.C., Maleeha Lodhi, discuss the possibility of convening an international conference on nuclear nonproliferation in South Asia. The proposed conference would include all permanent members of the UN Security Council, as well as Japan and Canada. Pakistan is also seeking a one-time waiver of the Pressler Amendment to permit the delivery of 40 F-16 aircraft from the United States. In exchange for the waiver, Pakistan would allow international inspections of its nuclear facilities only if India allows inspections as well.
--"Pakistan Receives U.S. Proposal For Non-proliferation," UPI, 31 March 1994; Executive News Service, 31 March 1994; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 31 March 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
9 April 1994
US Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott states that talks with Pakistani diplomats concerning Pakistan's nuclear program have been good but that more work remained to be done. Talbott is hoping to convince Pakistan to allow a verifiable cap of its nuclear program in exchange for a one-time waiver of the Pressler Amendment, which would allow the US to deliver 38 F-16 aircraft. On a related note, Talbott visits Pakistan shortly after Prime Minister Bhutto announced, "if we are unilaterally pressed for the capping, it will be discriminatory and Pakistan will not agree to it."
--"Talbott Cites 'Good' Talks In Pakistan," Washington Times, 10 April 1994, Pg. A14; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 10 April 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
20 April 1994
The China Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) begins training 60 Pakistani engineers and technicians in China, in the areas of nuclear power plant (NPP) operation and maintenance, as agreed to in the contract under which it provided the 300 MW Chashma NPP to Pakistan. At the conclusion of the course (training) at the post-graduate school, the trainees will receive hands-on instruction at China's Qinshan plant, whose design is being used in the construction of the Chashma plant.
--"Beijing Trains Pakistani Nuclear Power Plant Operators," Xinhua (Beijing), 20 April 1994; JPRS-TND-94-011, (FBIS), 16 May 1994, Pg. 49; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 16 May 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
During his visit to Pakistan, Iranian Parliament Speaker Ali Nategh Noori denies Western media reports that he held talks with Pakistani officials concerning cooperation between Iran and Pakistan in the field of nuclear technology. Some US officials claim that Iran is trying to purchase weapons technology from Pakistan.
--"Anti-Muslim Bias Claimed," Nucleonics Week, 21 April 1994, Pp. 14-15; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 21 April 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
5 May 1994
Former Pakistani Army Chief General, Mirza Aslam Beg, reveals that Pakistan's nuclear arsenal is controlled by the National Nuclear Command Authority (NNCA). Beg alleges that the NNCA, created in the 1970's, is operated by the Joint Operations Centre out of the General Headquarters of the army in Rawalpindi and is led by the "chief executive." Also according to Beg, all NNCA decisions are made by the Nuclear Command Committee, composed of the prime minister, the president, the army chief, and three other unspecified individuals.
Beg claims that "the NNCA determines the state of readiness which has to be maintained at all times...and lays down in great detail the policy of how the various components will be placed, protected and safeguarded." Beg also describes the potential delivery systems for Pakistan's nuclear arsenal, when he says that "we already have the F-16's, Mirages and the M11's which we are now getting from China...Through the missile program...we should have a delivery system with a very effective, accurate, guiding system provided on the missiles."
--"Bare All And Be Damned: Ex-army Chief Reveals Nuclear Secrets," Far Eastern Economic Review, 5 May 1994, Pg. 23; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 5 May 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
15 May 1994
Pakistani Chief of Naval Staff, Admiral Saeed M. Khan, tells student-officers of the Pakistan Navy Staff College that the Indian Navy is working on a program to develop a nuclear propulsion capability.
--"Pakistan's Navy Chief Says Indian Naval Missile Program 'Ominous,'" The Nation (Islamabad), 16 May 1994, Pp. 1,4; JPRS-TND-94-012, (FBIS), 7 June 1994, Pp. 15; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 7 June 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
18 May 1994
Pakistani Foreign Minister Sardar Assef Ali says that Pakistan would be willing to permit US inspections of its nuclear facilities. Ali says, "Pakistan is ready to consider any US proposal for non-intrusive means to verify that our nuclear program is not weapons oriented."
"Pakistanis Offer Limited Checks On Atom Plant," Daily Telegraph, 24 May 1994; "Pakistan To Allow Nuclear Inspection," UPI, 18 May 1994; Executive News Service, 18 May 1994; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 24 May 1994, Nuclear and Missile Developments
Pakistan's opposition parties urge Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto to resign after Foreign Minister Sardar Assaf announced that Pakistan may allow the US to conduct non-intrusive inspections of Pakistan's nuclear facilities. The Foreign Office later states that Pakistan will only accept such a proposal if the inspections would apply to India as well.
--"Pakistan In Nuclear Controversy," UPI, 20 May 1994; Executive News Service, 20 May 1994; in NTI Nuclear and Missile Database, 20 May 1994, http://www/nti.org/db/nuclear