Another sinister design against Pakistan
“Something incredibly sinister was being played out around Pakistan’s borders to exploit the present turmoil in the tribal regions, in Balochistan and Kashmir,” said a security and threat analyst. According to him, the nexus is India-Israel-US-Afghanistan but the centre of gravity of this encirclement of Pakistan lies in New Delhi. As if that was not enough, Syed Jamaluddin, who has already authored a book titled Divide Pakistan to eliminate terrorism, has written another book Formation of Republic of Jinnahpur. He writes: “It has become inevitable now that Punjab should no longer be given the right or power to continue its control over other smaller provinces of Pakistan. At least Sindhis, Pathans and Baloch have some of their regional identities but the Urdu-speaking people have been compelled to become Sindhis, which is not possible. Urdu-speaking people have their own identity and worth. It is not possible for Urdu-speaking people to become part of Sindh.”
In the past, some self-styled leaders of the Urdu-speaking community have been tossing around the idea of making Karachi as Hong Kong. In the 1970s, Mirza Jawad Beg had floated the idea of city-government, which is akin to the present system of district-city government. But because of sensitivities in the wake of disintegration of Pakistan, the government and people at large were not willing to listen to him and he was incarcerated. Immediately after the PPP formed government in 1972, there were clashes between the Urdu-speaking community and the Sindhis, and the former felt alienated. Azad bin Haider of Karachi Suba Mahaz (KSM) also voiced for a separate province for the Urdu-speaking community. The government arrested Azad bin Haider who languished in jails for quite some time. In the early 1980s, Altaf Hussein formed the Muhajir Qaumi Movement (MQM), though with similar motives, but he later converted it into Muttehida Qaumi Movement (MQM) to bring it in mainstream politics.
Syed Jamaluddin has spewed venom against Pakistan in Formation of Republic of Jinnahpur. He tried to convince Urdu-speaking people that Jinnahpur would be a paradise on earth. “Republic of Jinnahpur shall be an economic capital of South Asia, which will beat Dubai and Singapore on the one hand and become a great place for foreign investment on the other…As for the Pathans, Baloch and Sindhis, I would like to convey my message to them that they should also get up from long sleep….The murder of Bhuttos should be sufficient for the Sindhis to wake up and get their own independence from Pakistan by forming Sindhu-desh. Similarly, independent Pakhtoonistan and Balochistan should also appear on the world map in the nearest future.” He appealed to all Urdu-speaking people living in Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur and other parts of Sindh to become active members of Jinnahpur Liberation Movement. From the text, it is not difficult to infer that the focus is disintegration of Pakistan, which is common with India’s RAW; hence the Indian connection could not be ruled out.
In 2004, Strategic Foresight Group of India had issued a report under the title of ‘Pakistan’s Provinces’ that dealt with the research and analysis of internal dynamics of each province. This could be the work of some organisation associated with India’s Research and Analysis wing – the RAW. The malafide intentions behind the so-called free intellectual enquiry were obvious from glancing through the preface by Sundeep Waslekar, the president of the group. “In 2004, political discourse is increasingly references to the 1971 situation. It does not mean that provinces will secede in 2004 or 2005, yet it remains to be seen whether they will be together until 2010,” he asks the question, which speaks volumes about the purpose of the book.
The chapter entitled ‘Inter-provincial comparisons’ deals with the supremacy of the federal government, regional prosperity and disparities, provincial economies, human development, revenue generation and contribution. The authors had highlighted the glaring disparities in the development of the provinces and then drawing comparisons with regard to the revenue collection from the provinces and regions. There are, of course, some areas in the provinces which are more developed than the others. For example, Karachi was the only port Pakistan had, and it became the commercial hub since all imports and exports were to be channelled through this port. During the Ayub era, most of the industries were established in Karachi because of the advantages that accrued from the port city.
The report highlighted the point that Punjab gets 57 percent from the revenue collected at the federal level, whereas it contributes 23 percent. About Sindh it was stated that it contributes 57 percent, but gets 23 percent only. The fact remains that Sindh is collecting more revenue because the federal government had allocated major part of its funds and foreign loans to develop infrastructure for industrial estates in Karachi, where entrepreneurs from all over the country invested. The government also put up Machine Tool Factory and basic industry like the Pakistan Steel Mills with foreign funding, and the initial investment was made by the public sector. Therefore, people of all the provinces have the right to benefit from the public sector development and also the revenue that accrues from the sacrifices made by them.
To date, the revenue sharing criterion for all finance awards was based purely on population, which is, indeed, a universally accepted formula. Since the federating units of Pakistan differ widely in size, population, density, ability to raise taxes, the present government seems to be alive to the need to give weightage to the least developed, with a view to bridging the gap between the lowest and the highest per capita Gross Provincial Domestic Product. If the government accepts the sharing of revenue on the basis of collection, then Balochistan and the NWFP will stand to lose immensely, and of course Punjab will suffer, as it has to sustain a large population.
A brief survey of the shelves of any bookshop will, among others, show books on India such as The Corrupt Society, Foul Play: Chronicles of Corruption 1947-97, and so on. Human Right Watch and other human rights groups continue to expose India for the atrocities perpetrated on minorities, especially the Kashmiris. Anyhow, there are 136 militant separatists groups in India, and rebellion-like situation in at least a dozen provinces. Coming back to the report, it should be borne in mind that if course of disintegration is set rolling, India is much more vulnerable to disintegration than Pakistan. Had the authors been honest, they would have told the truth that in a war between the two nuclear powers, there will be no concept of the victor and the vanquished and perhaps nobody would exist to see what happened to the other side.